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What is Georgia’s State Bird: The Fascinating Story!

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What is Georgia’s State Bird? The state bird of Georgia is the brown thrasher. It is a medium-sized bird with distinctive brown and white speckled plumage.

Georgia, situated in the southeastern United States, is renowned for its diverse flora and fauna. The brown thrasher has become an emblem animal in Georgia. This bird is classified as a member of the Mimidae family. Its appearance is similar to that of the American robin.

However, what sets it apart is its long tail, brown and white speckled feathers, and its sharp beak. Its presence in Georgia has inspired many poets to pen odes to its beauty and characteristics. The brown thrasher’s piercing songs are also considered to be quite melodious. In this article, we will delve deeper into its history and significance within the state of Georgia.

What is Georgia's State Bird

Did the Brown Thrasher become the Georgia state bird?

The Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum) became the official state bird of Georgia in 1935. The decision was made by the Georgia General Assembly, which is the state’s legislative body. The Brown Thrasher was chosen because it is a common bird in Georgia and is known for its melodious song. It is also a symbol of Georgia’s rich birdlife and natural heritage.

What Does the Brown Thrasher Look Like?

What Does the Brown Thrasher Look Like

The Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum) is a medium-sized bird known for its distinctive appearance. Here are some key characteristics that make brown thrasher individual from other state bird

Size and Shape:

  • Length: Approximately 23 cm (9 inches)
  • Shape: The Brown Thrasher has a plump, round body with a long, curved bill. It has a relatively long tail and short legs.


  • Overall Color: The upper parts of the Brown Thrasher are reddish-brown with dark streaks, while the underparts are a paler, buffy color.
  • Face and Throat: The face and throat are white with a dark stripe running through the eye.
  • Eyes: The eyes are yellow.


  • Wings: The wings have prominent white wing bars.
  • Tail: The tail is relatively long and has a reddish-brown color with white tips on the outer feathers.


  • The Brown Thrasher is a ground-dwelling bird that forages for insects, fruits, and seeds in leaf litter and low vegetation.


  • The Brown Thrasher is known for its extensive and melodious song. It has one of the largest repertoires of any North American bird, with over a thousand different song variations. They may mimic the calls of other birds.


  • Brown Thrashers are found in a variety of habitats including woodland edges, thickets, gardens, and suburban areas.


  • They are native to the eastern and central United States.

Migratory Behavior:

  • While some Brown Thrashers are sedentary (stay in one area year-round), others migrate to warmer regions in the winter.

Overall, the Brown Thrasher is a distinctive bird with its reddish-brown colouration, long tail, and varied, melodious song. It’s a delightful species to observe for birdwatchers.

How Do You Attract Brown Thrashers to Garden?

How Do You Attract Brown Thrashers to Garden

Attracting Brown Thrashers to your garden can be a rewarding experience for birdwatching enthusiasts. Here are some tips to make your garden more inviting to these birds:

Provide Dense Shrubs and Underbrush:

  • Brown Thrashers prefer habitats with dense vegetation. Planting shrubs, bushes, and low-growing plants can create a suitable environment for them.

Offer a Variety of Food:

  • Brown Thrashers have a diverse diet that includes insects, fruits, and seeds. Provide a mix of natural food sources and supplemental feeders with offerings like:
    • Insects: Set up bird feeders with mealworms, crickets, or other insects.
    • Fruits: Plant fruit-bearing trees or shrubs like mulberries, blackberries, or elderberries.
    • Seeds: Provide a mix of birdseed, including sunflower seeds.

Include Berry-Bearing Plants:

  • Brown Thrashers are particularly fond of berries. Consider planting native berry-producing plants that are suitable for your region.

Maintain Leaf Litter:

  • Leave a layer of leaf litter on the ground. This natural mulch provides foraging opportunities for insects and creates a familiar environment for Brown Thrashers.

Provide Water:

  • Offer a shallow birdbath or a water feature with a gentle drip or fountain. Ensure that the water source is clean and refreshed regularly.

Create Safe Spaces:

  • Minimize pesticide and chemical use in your garden to ensure a healthy environment for both the birds and their food sources.

Avoid Disturbances:

  • Minimize disturbances around the garden, as Brown Thrashers prefer quiet areas with limited human activity.

Add Nesting Opportunities:

  • Plant dense shrubs or install nesting boxes to provide suitable nesting sites for Brown Thrashers.

Provide Perches:

  • Set up a few perches or low branches where the birds can rest and observe their surroundings.

Be Patient:

  • Attracting specific bird species to your garden may take time. It’s important to be patient and let the natural habitat and resources of your garden draw them in.

Remember that creating a bird-friendly garden benefits not only Brown Thrashers but also a variety of other bird species. Providing a diverse and welcoming environment can lead to a more vibrant and ecologically balanced garde

How a Brown Thrasher Sings?`

brown thrasher is singing

Frequently Asked Questions On What Is Georgia’s State Bird

What Is The State Bird Of Georgia?

The state bird of Georgia is the brown thrasher. This bird is known for its distinctive songs that are a blend of other bird species’ melodies.

Why Was Brown Thrasher Chosen As Georgia’s State Bird?

The brown thrasher was chosen as Georgia’s state bird because it is a common bird in the state and has a beautiful song. A group of schoolchildren suggested it as the state bird in 1935.

Where Can You Find Brown Thrashers In Georgia?

Brown thrashers can be found throughout Georgia, especially in wooded areas, parks, and gardens. They are also known to frequent suburban and urban environments.

How Long Do Brown Thrashers Live?

Brown thrashers can live up to 11 years but typically have a lifespan of 2-3 years in the wild. They are prey to many predators, including cats, raccoons, and birds of prey.

What Is The Significance Of State Birds?

State birds represent the identity and culture of a state. Each state has its own distinctive bird, chosen for its significance to the region’s history, geography, and ecology.


Georgia’s state bird is the brown thrasher and it is more than just a state symbol. These beautiful birds are an important part of Georgia’s biodiversity and serve as indicators of the health of the ecosystem. Whether you’re a bird lover or not, learning about Georgia’s state bird can be an enriching experience.

Not only does it serve as a symbol of pride for Georgia residents, but it also provides insight into the unique characteristics of the state’s landscape and wildlife. It is important to protect and preserve the habitat of the brown thrasher and other native species in order to maintain the delicate balance of Georgia’s natural environment.

So, if you ever get the chance to observe a brown thrasher, take in the moment and appreciate the significance of this special bird to the state of Georgia.

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Eva N. Russell

Greetings from Eva N. Russell, a devoted mother to all birds. For the past few years, she has dedicated her time to working with the Bird's Welfare Organization, driven by her love and passion for these beautiful creatures.

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